Thailand ranked 10th among 162 countries in global terrorism index

The Australia and US-based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) has ranked Thailand on the 10th out of 162 countries on the  Global Terrorism Index (GTI).

In a report published this week, by the IEP, it gave Thailand a score of 7.19 out of 10.

Thailand trailed behind the Philippines which was ranked 9th with the score of 7.29, while Indonesia which is among the ASEAN came in 30th place with 4.67 scores.

Leading the list of the 162 countries is Iraq with the score of 10, followed by Afghanistan (9.39), Pakistan (9.37), Nigeria (8.58), Syria (8.12), India (7.86), Somalia (7.41),  and Yemen (7.31).

Russia was placed at 11th rank after Thailand with 6.76 scores.

The GTI uses four indicators to measure the impact of terrorism: the number of terrorist incidents, the number of deaths, the number of casualties and the level of property damage.

These indicators are used to create a weighted five year average for each country, which takes into account the lasting effects of terrorism.

The score given to each country therefore indicates the impact of a terrorist attack on a society in terms of the fear and subsequent security response.

In its  second edition of the terrorism index, GTI indicated a 61 percent increase in the number of deaths globally from “terrorism,” rising from 11,133 in 2012 to 17,958 in 2013, and a 44 percent increase in the number of terrorist incidents, rising from 6,825 in 2012 to 9,814 in just a single year.

The Global Terrorism Index defines terrorism as “the threatened or actual use of illegal force and violence by a non-state actor to attain a political, economic, religious or social goal through fear, coercion, or intimidation.

According to the report, the recent rise and expansion of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) group in the region is the major national security threat for the country, as it ranked Lebanon top fifth exporter of jihadists to Syria in 2013, estimating the number to 800.

The vast majority of attacks, the report said, were committed by four groups: ISIS in Iraq and Syria; Boko Haram in Nigeria; the Taliban in Afghanistan; and al-Qaeda in various parts of the world.

Meanwhile, 80 percent of the lives lost to terrorist attacks in 2013 occurred in just five countries – Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria.

The influx in terrorist attacks raises questions about the effectiveness of the US “War on Terror” launched by the Bush administration after the 9/11 attacks, which included US-led invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan, air strikes in Pakistan and Yemen, and operations elsewhere.

The campaign failed to eliminate or even reduce terrorism, as the report shows a steady increase in the death toll over the last 14 years, from 3,361 in 2000 to 11,133 in 2012 and 17,958 in 2013.

The figures could rise dramatically in 2014 due to escalation of violence in the Middle East and Nigeria.

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