Viet Nam News (Vietnamnews.vn) reported that poor living and working conditions, limited access to public services and high risks of becoming involved in social evils face workers who leave rural areas to work in cities and industrial zones.
This was shown in a survey of labour migration during the past five years since Viet Nam joined the World Trade Organisation.
The survey was conducted by the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs and Beyond WTO Programme in 15 provinces and cities nationwide from April, 2012. A total of 7,800 migrant workers responded.
Survey findings showed that 80 per cent left their home towns because of job shortages and low incomes. However, when living in urban areas without residential registration, 18.6 per cent found difficulty in getting jobs, getting their children into school, accessing healthcare services, getting bank loans or business licences as well as benefiting from local support policies.